Guitar Techniques


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Chicken Picking (Chicken Pickin’)

Guitar Techniques
Chicken Picking (cʃɪkən pɪkɪŋ) is also known as 'country shredding', which is a style of guitar playing where the musician mutes the strings slightly with his fingers by pulling the played strings away from the fretboard. This method of playing is typically found in country music, but can also be found in metal and rock. Sometimes, the musician will use a telecaster or stratocaster with a Fender amplifier combination to get a really bright, crisp sound with a twangy edge. 
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dampening guitar technique

Dampening

Guitar Techniques
Dampening (dǽmpənɪŋ) is a technique that softens or, almost entirely, eliminates the tone of a note. To dampen a chord, a guitar player strums a chord with his strumming hand and dampen some strings by applying less pressure to them than a normal fretted note. This practice can be done in a rapid or slower method depending on the desired effect. The effects of dampening on the guitar can be very dramatic. When played successively, dampened notes may hardly resemble the actual note at all, although the tone will still ring true to the chord. Dampening is used across many genres of music, such as bluegrass, rock n' roll, country and even classical music. Classical music may use the dampening effect with fingerstyle playing, which gives the rhythm a stop and go feel.
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downpicking guitar technique

Downpicking

Guitar Techniques
Downpicking (downpicking) is a style where the guitarist uses the guitar pick sequentially on the instrument’s strings in a downward motion to give the music a faster, edgier, louder sound. Downpicking requires a lot of stamina because the downpicking hand, generally the right hand, is required to make a tremendous physical effort. Inexperienced guitar players are often unable to stand up to the stress, and their lack of familiarity with the technique makes their notes sound uneven. Exercises that improve the ability to downpick involve slowing the passage down, playing it with a metronome, and then gradually speeding it up to the required rhythm.  Downpicking technique is used in virtually every type of music but is a signature technique in heavy metal and punk music.
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economy picking

Economy Picking

Guitar Techniques
Economy Picking (ɪkɑ́nəmi pɪ́kɪŋ) is a technique used to conserve energy and increase the speed of playing by a guitarist. It utilizes alternate picking while on the same string, but uses sweep picking while going to a different string. Doing so, minimizes the movement of the picking hand and eliminates jumping over strings which happens when using just alternate picking. Economy picking has been used since the 1950's with it first being introduced with jazz, but has become wide spread since the 1980's, being found in a wide variety of genres.
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Finger Tapping

Guitar Techniques
Finger Tapping (fɪ́ŋgər tǽpɪŋ) is a technique used on the neck of a guitar to make a crisp and brief electronic sound. The guitarist employs the finger tapping method by placing their fingers on the neck and then tapping the strings somewhere lower on the neck followed by a pulling off motion similar to the hammer on/hammer off. The technique enables the player to hit repetitive notes in rapid succession and when coupled with movement by the fretting hand can sound like multiple players at once. Adding this technique to a solo or playing can brighten and quicken the contents of the guitar fret work. Finger Tapping is a commonly used for Heavy Metal and Hard Rock music.
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Fingerpicking

Guitar Techniques
Fingerpicking (fɪ́ŋgərpɪ́kɪŋ) is the technique where a guitar player uses his/her fingers to play, instead of a pick. This is most typically accomplished by using the thumb to play low notes on the low E, A, and D strings and any combination of the other fingers to play the high notes on the G, B, and high e strings. One popular version of this technique is "Travis Picking" in which the player alternates between thumb and fingers. Another variation is "Hybrid Picking" in which the player uses a pick in place of the thumb but still uses the fingers for the high notes.
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Fingerstyle

Guitar Techniques
Fingerstyle (fingerstyle) is a technique where a player uses their finger tips or specialized metal picks that fit around the fingers like rings to pluck the strings of the guitar. Fingerstyle is generally played when a guitarist repeats a particular plucking pattern, while changing chords in equal increments. This technique is predominantly used in bluegrass guitar, as many guitar players mimic the styles of the banjo, but is also popular in Blues, Folk, Rock and Country music.
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Flatpicking

Guitar Techniques
Flatpicking (flatpicking) is a style of guitar playing that involves very fast bursts of notes played rapid-fire style; alternating between fretted and open strings. The resulting sound is very dense and chock full of flashy licks and complicated patterns, while the drone of the open strings create the aural illusion of more than one guitar. As indicated by the name "flatpicking" this style is played with a (usually) heavy flatpick. The player must use the flatpick to both hit the open strings and then immediately jump to other strings for the solo melody. This style of play is most commonly used in Bluegrass music, but can also be found in folk, classic rock and country.
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free stroke

Free Stroke (Tirando)

Guitar Techniques
A Free Stroke (frí strók) is also known as Tirando ("pulling" in Spanish), which is a technique where the player quickly plucks a string without let the plucking finger touch the next string. By not touching any other strings, the player can keep multiple strings ringing at the same time, which gives the notes being played a large and harmonic quality. While most associate this playing technique with the Flemenco guitar style, free stroke also thrives in the classical guitar style.
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